Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

Volumen 72, núm. 3, A110520, 2020


The Miocene Tatatila–Las Minas IOCG skarn deposits (Veracruz) as a result of adakitic magmatism in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt


Los depósitos de tipo skarn IOCG miocénicos de Tatatila–Las Minas (Veracruz) como resultado del magmatismo adakítico de la Faja Volcánica Trans-Mexicana


Edith Fuentes-Guzmán1,2,3, Eduardo González-Partida4, Antoni Camprubí1,3*,

Geovanny Hernández-Avilés2, Janet Gabites5, Alexander Iriondo4,6, Giovanni Ruggieri7,

Margarita López-Martínez8


Instituto de Geología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Coyoacán, CDMX, Mexico.

Programa de Posgrado en Ciencias de la Tierra, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Coyoacán, CDMX / Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, 76230 Juriquilla, Querétaro, Mexico.

Laboratorio Nacional de Geoquímica y Mineralogía (LANGEM). Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 Coyoacán, CDMX, Mexico.

Centro de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México. Boulevard Juriquilla 3001, 76230 Juriquilla, Querétaro, Mexico.

Pacific Centre for Isotopic and Geochemical Research, Department of Earth, Ocean and Atmospheric Sciences, University of British Columbia; Earth Sciences Building, 2207 Main Mall, Vancouver, V6T 1Z4, British Columbia, Canada.

Department of Geosciences, University of Arizona. 1040 E 4th Street, 85721, Tucson, Arizona,USA.

Istituto di Geoscienze e Georisorse, Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche. Via G. Moruzzi 1, 56124 Pisa, Italy.

Centro de Investigación Científica y Estudios Superiores de Ensenada. Carretera Tijuana-Ensenada km. 107, 22860 Ensenada, Baja California, Mexico.

* Corresponding author: (A. Camprubí) This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


How to cite this article:

Fuentes-Guzmán, E., González-Partida, E., Camprubí, A., Hernández-Avilés, G., Gabites, J., Iriondo, A., Ruggieri, G., López-Martínez, M., 2020, The Miocene Tatatila–Las Minas IOCG skarn deposits (Veracruz) as a result of adakitic magmatism in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt: Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana, 72 (3), A110520.



The Cu- and Au-rich Tatatila–Las Minas IOCG skarn deposits in Veracruz (central-east Mexico) are circumscribed to the earliest stages of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt (TMVB) and stand for a metallogenic province directly linked to its tectonomagmatic dynamics. This is the first well-documented case for such metallogenic province. These deposits were formed as skarns between rocks of the Mesozoic carbonate series and Miocene intermediate to acid hypabyssal rocks. New U-Pb zircon and 40Ar/39Ar ages provide evidence for four epochs of magmatic activity in the area: (1) early Permian (Artinskian), in association with the Paleozoic basement, (2) late Oligocene to early Miocene suite of pre-TMVB intrusive rocks, (3) middle to late Miocene suite of early TMVB-related intrusive rocks, and (4) Pliocene intrusive and extrusive rocks of the TMVB, possibly associated with the Los Humeros post-caldera stage. The obtained ages range between 24.60 ± 1.10 and 19.04 ± 0.69 Ma for stage 2, and between 16.34 ± 0.20 and 13.92 ± 0.22 Ma for stage 3. Stage 2 corresponds to a magmatic stage unheard of in the area, until this study. Only stage 3 rocks are associated with the IOCG skarn mineralization, with retrograde stages dated at 12.44 ± 0.09 (chromian muscovite, phyllic association) and 12.18 ± 0.21 Ma (zircon, potassic association). Therefore, the ages of stage-3 intrusive rocks are interpreted to date the formation of the prograde skarn associations (mostly ~15.4 to <14 Ma). The petrogenetic affinity of stage-2 and stage-3 rocks is about the same—the main difference has to do with higher Y and Yb contents in stage-3 rocks (although no affinity with within-plate granites was found), which is suggestive of an interaction of their parental magmas with alkaline magmas that most likely belong to the conterminous and contemporaneous Eastern Mexico Alkaline Province. Petrological indicators (elemental and isotopic) in Cenozoic rocks consistently point to intermediate to acid, metaluminous, I- and S-type rocks that were emplaced in a subduction-related continental arc, within the medium- to high-potassium calc-alkaline series, with high-silica adakitic signatures due associated to deep-sourced magmas that underwent crustal contamination to some degree. The various possible sources for the magmas with adakitic signature in this context can be narrowed down to two of them that are not mutually exclusive: adakitic derived from subducted slab melting and melting-assimilation-storage-homogenization (MASH)-derived adakites. Both sources are, in principle, capable of generating magmas that would eventually produce magmatic-hydrothermal mineralizing systems with an associated variety of ore deposit types, including IOCG. Also, both possible sources for adakites are compatible with the renewed steepening of the subducted slab after a period of flat subduction, for the earliest stage in the evolution of the TMVB.

Keywords: IOCG, adakites, Miocene, Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, skarn, magmatic-hydrothermal, iron oxides.