Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

Volumen 71, núm. 2, 2019, p. 565‒584 BSGM2019v71n2a19


Cambios ambientales y geoarqueología en medios áridos/semiáridos: propuesta metodológica

 María Marta Sampietro Vattuone1,*, José Luis Peña Monné2

1Laboratorio de Geoarqueología, Universidad Nacional de Tucumán, España 2903 – 4000 San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina.

2Departamento de Geografía y Ordenación del Territorio, Universidad de Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza, España.

* This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


In the drylands, the geomorphological responses facing Holocene environmental changes left clear features on the sedimentary records. In several cases, these records involve archaeological features that could be analyzed from a geoarchaeological perspective in order to reconstruct the site context and the post-depositional evolutionary processes that could alter their original features. This paper analyzes the factors that trigger the environmental changes and geomorphological processes in slopes, fluvial terraces, alluvial fans and aeolized areas with study cases from Argentina and Spain. In addition, a methodological proposal is presented for which main steps are based on the preparation of geomorphological maps of archaeological areas, the description of transversal, stratigraphic, and longitudinal profiles, and the construction of evolutionary models for paleoenvironmental reconstruction, on which it is essential for regional and global correlation of the information.

Keywords: Geoarchaeological model, paleoenvironmental reconstruction, fluvial terraces, alluvial fans, slopes, dunes.