Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana

Volumen 71, núm. 2, 2019, p. 429 ‒ 444 BSGM2019v71n2a12



 Arqueometría aplicada a la conservación de textiles arqueológicos de fibras celulósicas. Petate y mortaja de un fardo mortuorio de Zimapán, Hidalgo


Judith Gómez González1,*, Luisa Mainou1, Ariana Aguilar Romero3, Galia González Hernández2,

Laura Eugenia Beramendi Orosco2Luisa Straulino Mainou1, Juan Francisco López Ortiz1


1Coordinación Nacional de Conservación del Patrimonio Cultural, INAH, Xicotencatl y General Anaya s/n, San Diego Churubusco, Coyoacán, C.P. 04120, CDMX, México.

2Laboratorio Universitario de Radiocarbono, UNAM, Instituto de Geofísica, Instituto de Investigaciones Antropológicas e Instituto de Geología, Circuito Exterior, Ciudad Universitaria, Coyoacán, C.P. 04519, CDMX, México.

3Escuela Nacional de Antropología e Historia, Periférico Sur y Calle Zapote, Isidro Fabela, C.P. 14030, CDMX, México.

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Radiocarbon dating and scanning electron microscopy analyses were used to determine the age and conservation state of a palm mat made with hard fibers and a cotton shroud found in a funerary bundle of Zimapán Hidalgo, México. The fibers were also treated with an innovative treatment of chitosan and polypropylene glycol. The treatment was analyzed with a scanning electron microscopy and radiocarbon dating was applied to the treated fibers. The radiocarbon dating showed dates of 1022 a 1206 cal d.C therefore the textiles are prehispanic, and the treated fibers showed an early date (72–418 cal d.C.). This difference could be explained from the reservoir effect in the marine organisms because the chitosan is obtained from the chitin of crustacean’s exoskeletons. The analysis also showed that the treatment for the fibers was effective because the fibers gained consolidation, flexibilization and also microorganisms were killed and removed.

Key words: pal mat, shroud, radiocarbon dating, chitosan.