Boletín de la Sociedad Geológica Mexicana
Volumen 68, núm. 2, 2016, p. 173-186
Interferometría de ruido sísmico para la caracterización de la estructura de velocidad 3D de un talud en la 3ª Sección del Bosque de Chapultepec, Ciudad de México.
Martín Cárdenas-Soto1,*, Horacio Ramos-Saldaña1, Martín Carlos Vidal-García1
1 División de Ingeniería en Ciencias de la Tierra, Facultad de Ingeniería, UNAM, Ciudad Universitaria, 04510 CDMX, México.
In this work, we applied the seismic interferometry (SI) method in order to determine the lateral variation of S wave velocity (Vs) in the subsoil structure of a rock mass with a slope located on Joaquin Claussell Street in the 3rd Section of Chapultepec Park. Geological and geotechnical studies show that a pumice stratum, overlying semi-permeable materials, is susceptible to failure and causing a landslide due to fracturing and rains, typical factors that cause landslides in the western part of Mexico City. In order to show the applicability of the SI method to quantify the elastic properties and their distribution in the slope, we generated cross-correlation functions among 4560 pairs of receivers in an irregular array of 96 vertical geophones. By means of the temporal variations of the maximum correlation pulse, as a function of frequency (4 to 24 Hz), we built tomographic images of relative Vs velocity. We found that Vs values close to 300 m/s are related to the pumice strata, velocities that are located primarily on the slope face and at its lowest topographical level. The velocity of these materials contrasts with an underlying stratum with values greater than 1000 m/s. These results are corroborated with the soil structure derived from two seismic refraction lines. This study suggests that the SI method is appropriate to assess the geological hazards associated with slope stability.
Keywords: Landslide, slope stability, seismic refraction, surface waves, noise correlation.