Articles

 

BOLETÍN DE LA SOCIEDAD GEOLÓGICA MEXICANA

Vol 63, Núm. 2, 2011, P. 253-270.

http://dx.doi.org/10.18268/BSGM2011v63n2a8

Evolución estructural del frente tectónico de la Sierra Madre Oriental en el Cañón Santa Rosa, Linares, Nuevo León

 Structural evolution of the tectonic from of the Sierra Madre Oriental at the Santa Rosa canyon, Linares, N.L.

 Gabriel Chávez Cabello1,*, Jesús Alberto Torres Ramos2, Nelson Damián Porras Vázquez1, Tomás Cossio Torres1 y José Jorge Aranda Gómez3

1 Facultad de Ciencias de La Tierra, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Carretera a Cerro Prieto km 8, Hacienda de Guadalupe, Apartado Postal 104, Linares, Nuevo León, 67700, México.
2 Posgrado en Ciencias de la Tierra, Facultad de Ciencias de La Tierra, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León, Carretera a Cerro Prieto km 8, Hacienda de Guadalupe, Apartado Postal 104, Linares, Nuevo León, 67700, México.
3 Centro de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Campus Juriquilla, Apartado Postal 1–742, Querétaro, Querétaro, 76001, México.

* This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 Abstract

The software 2D Move (v. 5.1) was used to perform the structural restoration (inverse deformation modeling) of the folds and thrust faults exposed at the Santa Rosa Canyon, southwest of Linares (Nuevo León) in the leading edge of the Sierra Madre Oriental (SMO) thrust and fold belt. Based on detailed mapping we recognized four important faults in the study area: (a) the youngest fault is a structure that propagated from the basement and altered the structural relief between the trailing portion of the structures and the range front of the SMO, (b) a secondary reverse fault in the Santa Rosa bridge area, which thrusts Lower Cretaceous against Upper Cretaceous rocks, (c) the main thrust, which has at least 1900 m of structural displacement, and juxtaposes Upper Jurassic atop Upper Cretaceous rocks, and lastly, (d) a left–lateral strike–slip fault that cross–cut and displaces nearly 2000 m older structures, such as the hinge zone of the Jaures anticline and the frontal thrust of the SMO in the area. The structural restoration allowed us to infer the existence of early detachment folds that grew from a weak layer composed by Upper Jurassic evaporites. We interpret that the detachment folds altered their original geometry as regional shortening increased; thrusting their frontal limbs as a propagating fault and, finally, the structure was transported through the fault and acquired ramp geometry. Using the geometric features of the structures, a minimum shortening of 37 % was estimated in the zone with tectonic transport to the east–northeast.

Keywords: Sierra Madre Oriental, thrust fault, structural restoration, 2D Move, Santa Rosa canyon, detachment folds.